Yun Bong-gil (1908 ~ 1932)
Japan invaded and occupied Manchuria and Shanghai of China.
After its successful invasion of China, Japan’s influence soared.
On April 29, 1932, Japan held a grand victory ceremony.
The ceremony was held in Hongkou Park, Shanghai.
It was also to celebrate Emperor Hirohito’s birthday.
More than ten thousand Japanese soldiers attended the event.
Among the VIPs was General Yoshinori Shirakawa, who led the invasion of Shanghai.
As the anthem was ending, Yun approached the stage.
He threw a bomb disguised as a water bottle toward the stage.
The bombing caused immense damage to the Imperial Japanese Army, including the deaths of the general and senior military officers.
This incident made the headlinesin major international newspapers, including the New York Times and the Daily Mirror.
The international community started paying attention to Korean voices.
“Japan claimed that it developed the economy and administration of Korea, but Koreans don’t like Japan.” – from a British news report
Yun’s action exposed the falsity of Japan’s claim about Koreans’ support for Japanese rule.
Koreans’ voices were finally heard around the world.
“A young Korean man accomplished something a million-soldier Chinese army and 400 million Chinese men couldn’t.” – Chiang Kai-shek, leader of the Chinese Nationalist Party
Afterward, China provided enormous support to the Korean Provisional Government.
Rhee Syngman, the first Korean President, wrote about the impact of Yun’s action on Korean history.
Impressed by Yun, Chiang convinced the leaders of the Allies to support the Korean side.
As a result, the Cairo Declaration (1943) included a special clause that promised to free Korea.
On September 2, 1945, an old Japanese man boarded the USS Missouri.
He limped onto the deck with a walking stick.
His name is Shigemitsu Mamoru.
He signed the agreement that formalized Japan’s surrender to the Allies.
With this agreement, Japan recognized its defeat in WWII.
Japan became subject to punishment for its war crimes.
How did Shigemitsu lose his leg?
Most people don’t know what happened to this Japanese representative.
Shigemitsu was one of the Japanese officers wounded by Yun’s bombing on April 29, 1932.